Routine Investigation during the First trimester of pregnancy contributes to maternity care. The Test During Pregnancy especially those performed at initial stages of pregnancy, ensure a healthier pregnancy.
In this part of A to Z Guide to pregnancy, we will discuss appropriate testing in the First Trimester of pregnancy or any symptoms associated during that period. We’ll guide you through how the Test During Pregnancy are performed, what they interpret and Risk if any associated with them.
Routine Tests during pregnancy:
Standard investigations are recommended for a pregnant woman to rule out any risk if any and to ensure a healthy pregnancy.Let’s check out the important Routine Tests During Pregnancy.
1. Complete blood count Test (CBC)
It includes Haemoglobin, ABO, Rh grouping, VDRL are done, blood glucose in selected cases.
Interpretation: Low in Haemoglobin levels shows the iron requirement in a woman’s body. If your Rh factor is negative then your partner Rh factor should be checked.
If it’s same then no problem. If it’s opposite, Then you would advice post delivery.
How it’s done: Blood sample collection either at home or doctor’s clinic or labs on an empty stomach or as per advised.
when it’s done: On your first prenatal visit.
Risks: No risk when a sample is collected under hygienic conditions.
2. Urine test
It’s performed to check the presence of Protein, Sugar and Pus cells.
Interpretation: The presence of Glucose indicates the beginning of Gestational diabetes. It’s count as risky when it’s positive in the row for 3 times.
The presence of Protein can be a sign of preeclampsia and Hypertension. It’scount as risky when it’s positive in a row for 3 times. Presence of Pus cells indicates Urinary tract infection(UTI)
How it’s done: It’s recommended to collect Sample of mid-stream Urine in the morning.
Risk: No risk when a sample is collected under hygienic conditions.
3. Test for Gestational diabetes
4. Serological test for
A) Rubella antibody
Due to unhygienic conditions, women are commonly present with rubella antibodies. A positive test effects baby growth and development indicates that the fetus is at risk.
B) Hepatitis B
Mothers who are HBeAg positive act as a carrier of hepatitis B to their fetus. Baby most likely to develop chronic liver diseases.
C) HIV screening
All pregnant women should be screened for HIV on a very first visit. And if it’s positive appropriate treatment should be given to reduce the risk of HIV being transmitted to their infant.
- D.C Dutta textbook of obstetrics.
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DISCLAIMER: The content in this post is purely meant for educational purpose only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice. One should consult the expert for any related information.