In this PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) Series we will discuss its causes, factors, its effects & its possible treatments.
PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome commonly known as PCOS occurs due to hormonal imbalances that introduced women to have a variety of Symptoms. We will also discuss its causes, factors, its effects & its possible treatments.
Things To Know About PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )
Women suffering from PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) do not ovulate regularly, as results don’t release eggs every month. This is the main reason why they face difficulties in conceiving and hence PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) leads to infertility.
Most women can present with the condition of having multiple small cysts in the ovaries. However, the reasons for these cysts may vary. The characteristics evaluation of Symptoms apart from the presence of cyst plays an important role in the diagnosis of PCOS.
Around 5% to 10% women on average suffered from PCOS.
PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) is an important cause of Secondary Amenorrhea and infertility in Young women.
The occurrence of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )
The Symptoms of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) may begin in adolescence with menstrual irregularities. But a woman can discover later in life when the symptoms like excessive weight gain or infertility occurs.
Symptoms of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )
- Primary Amenorrhea ( delay of Normal menstruation )
- Oligomenorrhoea ( Presence of less than a normal menstrual cycle or less duration )
- Secondary Amenorrhea ( absence of menstruation for more than 3 months )
- Anovulatory Cycles ( Absence of ovulation in menstrual cycles, resulting in heavy bleeding )
Hormonal imbalances like elevated levels of male hormones ( androgens ) can include acne, excess hair growth especially facial hairs ( hirsutism ) etc.
Others Signs and Symptoms of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome include:
- Weight Gain or Obesity
- Elevated Insulin levels and Insulin Resistance
- Multiple small cysts in ovaries
- Elevated Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol levels
The above-given symptoms more or less may be absent in PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome patients with an exception of irregular or absence of menstrual cycles.
PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) at a Glance
- PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) is an illness characterized by irregular or absence of menstrual periods, acne, weight gain, and excessive hair growth.
- Women with PCOS are at higher risk for diabetes, High blood pressure, heart disease, obesity.
- Ideal treatment like weight loss, a healthy lifestyle can only subside the effects of PCOS
Causes of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )
There are not any well known or accurate causes of PCOS. It can be Genetic ( inherited ) or Environmental Factors. Genetic Factors can be inherited from mother or sister with the condition. Research have shown that genetics plays important role in its development.
Though the women with PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) carries multiple small cysts in ovaries, that’s why it is known as Poly ( Many )Cystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ).
A similar number of cysts may be present in women without PCOS. Hence we can say that having multiple ovarian cysts is not the only deciding factor behind PCOS. Elevated levels of insulin or insulin resistance can lead to malfunction of the body’s Blood sugar control system.
This is common in women with PCOS. Elevated levels of male hormones, Androgen may be the result of or related to the abnormalities of insulin production. Research have shown that these abnormalities may be related to the development of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )
- Modern lifestyle includes less physical work, Disturbed sleep, Mental Stress.
- Consumption of Junk & processed foods.
Tests of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Blood test
- Estrogen, FSH, LH, testosterone levels
- Blood Glucose levels
- Lipid, cholesterol level
- Thyroid Function test
- Ultra SonoGraph
- Pelvic laparoscopy
Treatment Goals for PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS )
As it is clear the main symptoms of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) is Hormonal. So the major thrust will be to regulate the hormonal imbalances & reduce the effects of following symptoms
With the proper treatment of PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome the risk can be minimized & controlled, However , it can’t vanish the disease from roots.