Today we are discussing very common disease commonly seen in the woman. We are talking about Irregular periods. Both married as well as the unmarried woman suffers from this problem. This commonly includes the absence of menses, excess menses, scanty menses etc. If you are seeing irregular periods since long then you should see a doctor.
Every woman period cycle is different. A normal menstrual cycle occurs every 24 to 38 days and lasts about 2 to 8 days.
What’s irregular Period?
Irregular periods occur when the duration of the cycle either increases or decrease or absent. When heavy or scanty bleeding occurs.
Causes of Irregular Periods
There are many possible causes of irregular periods. The most common cause is the change in hormone level. The two hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle are estrogen and progesterone.
- Puberty – In adolescence stage periods might be irregular like Puberty Menorrhagia.
- At the onset of the menopause
- An early stage of Pregnancy
- Use of contraception – such as the contraceptive pill or IUD
- Sudden weight loss or weight gain
- Medical conditions – such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
- Too much exercise
- Uterine fibroids
Regular menstruation, predictable pattern. The fluctuation in the duration of period and the amount of bloodshed is known as irregular menstruation. The various forms of irregular menses are:
- Oligomenorrhoea – Scanty menstrual periods
- Amenorrhoea – Absence of menstrual periods for more than 3 consecutive menstrual cycles.
- Dysmenorrhoea – Severe period cramps
- Menorrhagia – Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding
- Polymenorrhea: Too frequent menstruation.
- Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent or light menstrual cycles
- Metrorrhagia: Bleeding which occurs in between menstrual periods
Irregular periods can be an indication of a health problem like Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), Cancer of the uterus or the cervix, Fibroid in the uterus, thyroid disorder, Endometriosis or Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
When to visit your Doctor
There are many conditions when you require medical treatment. You should see your doctor if:
- your periods are absent for more than 3 months and you’re not pregnant
- your periods are irregular
- your period duration has increased (more than 7 days) or decreased (less than 1 days)
- you need more than one pad in 1-2hrs
- you develop severe period cramps
- your period’s cycle increased (less than 21 days) or decreased (more than 35 days)
- you experience bleeding in between periods
Medical tests to diagnose the cause of Irregular Periods:
- a pelvic examination
- blood tests
- abdominal ultrasound
- pelvic and transvaginal ultrasound
- CT scan
Treatment of Irregular Periods:
1) Healthy lifestyle: Follow a healthy lifestyle, via regular exercise, sleep on time, reduce stress, follow a healthy diet and avoid junks.
2) Medicine Therapy: Consult your healthcare provider for Irregular periods. They will rule out the cause and start treatment accordingly.
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