Causes of Severe Period Cramps

For some women, the onset of their monthly periods can be a life-changing event. It could mean dealing with severe cramps in and around the lower abdomen area. The pain can even radiate to the back and thighs. While some women experience an intense throbbing pain, for others it a constant dull ache that is experienced throughout the cycle. Allied symptoms may include nausea, loose motions, headaches, and dizziness. The Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore can advise simple lifestyle changes for some relief from the discomfort. In some cases, the pain may signal a prevailing health condition. We look at some of the most common causes of period-related cramps.

What Causes Cramping During Periods?

During menstrual bleeding, the uterus contracts for the expulsion of the tissue linings. These contractions are triggered by prostaglandins, which are hormone-like substances that cause pain and inflammation. In cases of higher levels of prostaglandins, the menstrual cramps are more severe. Also, when the contractions are sharp, it may constrict the blood vessels that feed the uterus. This can cause some degree of pain.

Addition, here are some conditions that can result in period pains:

  1. Cervical stenosis: In some cases, women may have an extremely narrow cervical aperture. This can restrict menstrual flow and cause an increase in pressure around the aperture, resulting in pain inside the uterus.
  2. Endometriosis: This is a painful condition where the tissue lining of the uterus becomes implanted on the outside of the uterus, typically on the ovaries and the fallopian tubes or even in the pelvic area. When these tissues dislodge, you experience pain.
  3. Fibroids: Fibroids are noncancerous growths found implanted on the uterine walls and can cause severe pain.
  4. Adenomyosis: This is a condition wherein the tissues that line the uterus begin growing into the uterine walls.
  5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): This is an infection occurs in the female reproductive organs by sexually transmitted bacteria.

Are You Prone to Severe Menstrual Cramps?

Some of the best gynaecologist in Bangalore say that older women become more prone to severe menstrual cramping. Moreover, women who have never given birth or are chain smokers may experience severe pain. Some women may experience exceptionally heavy bleeding or irregular menstrual cycle. In all such cases, it’s best to consult a doctor and undergo investigative tests to ensure the right treatment is given to reduce discomfort and help you lead a normal life even during your periods.

Disclosure: Sponsored*. The views shared are solely Author only. The author doesn’t claim to be a counseling expert. 

DISCLAIMER: The content in this post is purely meant for educational purpose only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.

19 Comments on Causes of Severe Period Cramps

  1. ofbookbabiesandmore
    February 23, 2018 at 9:55 pm (6 months ago)

    This is a very insightful article. Cramps are a common place for almost 98% of women. However, not every one of us knows about the severity of it. Thank you for this information. Would love to pass it on.

  2. mahekg
    February 23, 2018 at 11:23 pm (6 months ago)

    This is a very helpful post. Have lot of pain every month guess time to get it checked.

  3. Mrinal Kiran
    February 24, 2018 at 3:11 am (6 months ago)

    I get severe cramps during periods.. My doctor thought it was Endometriosis but the USG didn’t prove it… I have cystic ovary so I feel that is the cause!

  4. Vashi/Pooja Baloria
    February 24, 2018 at 1:01 pm (6 months ago)

    I got to know so much about my cramp issue,thanks for the right info and guidance.going to get checked

  5. Papri Ganguly
    February 24, 2018 at 4:52 pm (6 months ago)

    Very insightful post indeed. I used to have hell lot of cramps before, after pregnancy the scenario has been changed.

  6. Neha Gupta
    February 24, 2018 at 4:56 pm (6 months ago)

    Yes i am prone to stomach cramps and end up eating tablets to make me feel better.

  7. Poornima m reddy
    February 24, 2018 at 6:59 pm (6 months ago)

    Never knew that there r so many things related periods … GLd to read this .. Very informative.. Will share with my sister,

    February 25, 2018 at 6:31 pm (6 months ago)

    Wow did not know the conditions that can cause severe period pain. Good to hear always have regular gynac check ups. Sharing this to spread the information.

  9. nameeshn24
    February 26, 2018 at 1:10 am (6 months ago)

    The info share is pretty useful for many ladies. Will definitely share it with friends who will be able to read and get more knowledge.

  10. Akanksha
    February 26, 2018 at 5:32 am (6 months ago)

    Im so glad I came across your article re periop cramping. I used to get loads of cramps during periods but thankfully i don’t get cramps now. I dont know how the problem fixed though.

    IG : @ms_tantrum

    February 27, 2018 at 11:14 pm (6 months ago)

    This is something really good to hear. Good information. It’s a great help.

  12. Prasiddhi Baing
    March 6, 2018 at 1:32 pm (5 months ago)

    This is an insightful article. Period cramps can get lethal and not many of us know that. This article simply helps us understand how to take care of ourselves. Thank you.

  13. Deborah Miranda
    March 6, 2018 at 8:55 pm (5 months ago)

    This is really insightful.. Thanks for the educative post.. thankfully i don’t get too painful cramps but this is good to know..

  14. Runawaysparkler
    March 6, 2018 at 11:41 pm (5 months ago)

    I do have to pop a pill sometimes when the pain becomes unbearable.

  15. Shaily Tandon
    March 7, 2018 at 12:02 am (5 months ago)

    Thanks for sharing such an informative piece of writing. Every girl should be aware of all these that can cause cramps…..

  16. Ash
    March 7, 2018 at 6:04 am (5 months ago)

    This is a lovely detailed article with all the possible symptoms and conditions. I can relate to couple of these. So glad I came across this article.


  17. Ashu
    March 7, 2018 at 6:08 am (5 months ago)

    Great Post. I just came across this informative blog post while searching for PID on Google. Bookmarking this for reference.

  18. Neha Sharma
    March 7, 2018 at 2:21 pm (5 months ago)

    Such an informative post. I always get severe cramps on the first day. My doc had asked me to get an USG done as she was doubting it could be due to endometriosis. But I am being so careless & laid back, didn’t get it done till now. Will make out time this weekend for sure.

  19. Yeah Lifestyle
    April 10, 2018 at 4:44 pm (4 months ago)

    I wish I read this when I was younger as I used to have bad cramps, its much better now and I am glad about it.


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